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TOLNet - Tropospheric Ozone Lidar Network
Ground-Based Profiling of Tropospheric Ozone



  1. Chouza, F., T. Leblanc, M. Brewer, and P. Wang (2018), Upgrade and automation of the JPL Table Mountain Facility tropospheric ozone lidar (TMTOL) for near-ground ozone profiling and satellite validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech., submitted


  1. Ahmadov, R., S. McKeen, M. Trainer, R. Banta, A. Brewer, S. Brown, P. M. Edwards, J. A. de Gouw, G. J. Frost, J. Gilman, D. Helmig, B. Johnson, A. Karion, A. Koss, A. Langford, B. Lerner, J. Olson, S. Oltmans, J. Peischl, G. Pétron, Y. Pichugina, J. M. Roberts, T. Ryerson, R. Schnell, C. Senff, C. Sweeney, C. Thompson, P. R. Veres, C. Warneke, R. Wild, E. J. Williams, B. Yuan, and R. Zamora (2015), Understanding high wintertime ozone pollution events in an oil- and natural gas-producing region of the western US, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 411–429, doi:10.5194/acp-15-411-2015

  2. Alvarez, R. J., C. J. Senff, A. M. Weickmann, S. P. Sandberg, A. O. Langford, R. D. Marchbanks, W. A. Brewer, and R. M. Hardesty (2012), Reconfiguration Of The NOAA TOPAZ Lidar For Ground- Based Measurement Of Ozone And Aerosol Backscatter

  3. Cooper, O., A. Langford, D.Parrish, D. Fahey (2015), Challenges of a lowered U.S. ozone standard, Science, doi:10.1126/science.aaa5748

  4. Cooper, R. Gao, D. Tarasick, T. Leblanc, and C. Sweeney (2012), Long-term ozone trends at rural ozone monitoring sites across the United States, 1990-2010, Journal of Geophysical Research, VOL. 117, D22307, doi:10.1029/2012JD018261

  5. Cooper, O., D. Parrish, A. Stohl, M. Trainer, P. Nedelec, V. Thouret, J. Cammas, S. Oltmans, B. Johnson, D. Tarasick, T. Leblanc, I. McDermid, D. Jaffe, R. Gao, J. Stith, T. Ryerson, K. Aikin, T. Campos, A. Weinheimer & M. Avery (2010), Increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America, Nature, Vol 463, doi:10.1038/nature08708

  6. Cooper, O., M. Trainer, A. Thompson, S. Oltmans, D. Tarasick, J. Witte, A. Stohl, S. Eckhardt, J. Lelieveld, M. Newchurch, B. Johnson, R. Portmann, L. Kalnajs, M. Dubey, T. Leblanc, I. McDermid, G. Forbes, D. Wolfe T. Carey-Smith, G. Morris, B. Lefer, B. Rappengluck, E. Joseph, F. Schmidlin, J. Meagher, F. Fehsenfeld, T. Keating, R. Van Curen, and K. Minschwaner, (2007), Evidence for a recurring eastern North America upper tropospheric ozone maximum during summer, Journal of Geophysical Research, VOL. 112, D23304, doi:10.1029/2007JD008710

  7. Cooper, O., A. Stohl, M. Trainer, A. Thompson, J. Witte, S. Oltmans, G. Morris, K. Pickering, J. Crawford, G. Chen, R. Cohen, T. Bertram, P. Wooldridge, A. Perring, W. Brune, J. Merrill, J. Moody, D. Tarasick, P. Nedelec, G. Forbes, M. Newchurch, F. Schmidlin, B. Johnson, S. Turquety, S. Baughcum, X. Ren, F. Fehsenfeld, J. Meagher, N. Spichtinger, C. Brown, S. McKeen, I. McDermid, and T. Leblanc (2006), Large upper tropospheric ozone enhancements above midlatitude North America during summer: In situ evidence from the IONS and MOZAIC ozone measurement network, Journal of Geophysical Research, VOL. 111, D24S05, doi:10.1029/2006JD007306

  8. Creamean, J. M., P. J. Neiman, T. Coleman, C. J. Senff, G. Kirgis, R. J. Alvarez, and A. Yamamoto (2016), Colorado air quality impacted by long-range-transported aerosol: a set of case studies during the 2015 Pacific Northwest fires, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 12329–12345, 2016, doi:10.5194/acp-16-12329-2016

  9. De Young, R., W. Carrion, R. Ganoe, D. Pliutau, G. Gronoff, T. Berkoff, and S. Kuang (2017), Langley mobile ozone lidar: ozone and aerosol atmospheric profiling for air quality research, Appl. Opt., 56(3), 721, doi:10.1364/ao.56.000721

  10. Dreessen, J., J. Sullivan, and R. Delgado (2016), Observations and impacts of transported Canadian wildfire smoke on ozone and aerosol air quality in the Maryland region on June 9-12, 2015, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 66(9), 842-862, doi:10.1080/10962247.2016.1161674

  11. Edwards, P., S. Brown, J. Roberts, R. Ahmadov, R. Banta, J. deGouw, W. Dube, R. Field, J. Flynn, J. Gilman, M. Graus, D. Helmig, A. Koss , A. Langford, B. Lefer, B. Lerner, R. Li, S.Li, S. McKeen, S. Murphy, D. Parrish, C. Senff, J. Soltis, J. Stutz, C. Sweeney, C. Thompson, M. Trainer, C. Tsai, P. Veres, R. Washenfelder, C. Warneke, R. Wild, C. Young, B. Yuan, & R. Zamora (2014), High winter ozone pollution from carbonyl photolysis in an oil and gas basin, Nature, doi:10.1038/nature13767

  12. Farris, B. M., Guillaume P. Gronoff, William Carrion, Travis Knepp, Margaret Pippin, and Timothy A. Berkoff (2019), Demonstration of an off-axis parabolic receiver for near-range retrieval of lidar ozone profiles, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 363-370, 2019,

  13. Granados-Muñoz, M. J., M. S. Johnson, and T. Leblanc (2017), Influence of the North American monsoon on Southern California tropospheric ozone levels during summer in 2013 and 2014, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(12), 6431-6439, doi:10.1002/2017gl073375

  14. Granados-Muñoz, M. and Thierry Leblanc (2016), Tropospheric ozone seasonal and long-term variability as seen by lidar and surface measurements at the JPL-Table Mountain Facility, California, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9299–9319, doi:10.5194/acp-16-9299-2016

  15. Gronoff, G., Joseph Robinson, Timothy Berkoff, Robert Swap, Betsy Farris, Jeremy Schroeder, Hannah S. Halliday, Travis Knepp, Elena Spinei, William Carrion, Edward E. Adcock, Zachary Johns, Danette Allen Margaret, Pippin, A method for quantifying near range point source induced O3 titration events using Co-located Lidar and Pandora measurements, Atmospheric Environment Volume 204, 1 May 2019, Pages 43-52,

  16. Huang, G., M. Newchurch, S. Kuang and H. G. Ouwersloot (2019), A Case Study of Ozone Diurnal Variation in the Convective Boundary Layer in the Southeastern United States Using Multiple Observations and Large-Eddy Simulation, Climate 2019, 7(4), 53,

  17. Huang, G., et al. (2017), Validation of 10-year SAO OMI Ozone Profile (PROFOZ) Product Using Ozonesonde Observations, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 1-47, doi:10.5194/amt-2017-15

  18. Huang, G., M. Newchurch, S. Kuang, P. Buckley, W. Cantrell, & L. Wang (2014), Definition and determination of ozone laminae using Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) analysis, Atmospheric Environment 104 (2015) 125-131, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.027

  19. Johnson, M. S., X. Liu, P. Zoogman, J. Sullivan, M. J. Newchurch, S. Kuang, T. Leblanc, and T. McGee (2018), Evaluation of potential sources of a priori ozone profiles for TEMPO tropospheric ozone retrievals, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11(6), 3457-3477, doi:10.5194/amt-11-3457-2018

  20. Johnson, M., S. Kuang, L. Wang, and M. Newchurch (2016), Evaluating Summer-Time Ozone Enhancement Events in the Southeast United States Atmosphere 2016, 7, 108; doi:10.3390/atmos7080108

  21. Knowland, K. E., Keller, C. A. Wales, P. A., Wargan, K., Coy L., Johnson, M. S., et al. (2022). NASA GEOS Composition Forecast Modeling System GEOS-CF v1.0: Stratospheric composition. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14, e2021MS002852, doi:10.1029/2021MS002852

  22. Kuang, S., et al. (2017a), Summertime tropospheric ozone enhancement associated with a cold front passage due to stratosphere-to-troposphere transport and biomass burning: Simultaneous ground-based lidar and airborne measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 1-19, doi:10.1002/2016JD026078

  23. Kuang, S., M. J. Newchurch, A. M. Thompson, R. M. Stauffer, B. J. Johnson, and L. Wang (2017b), Ozone Variability and Anomalies Observed During SENEX and SEAC4RS Campaigns in 2013, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, doi:10.1002/2017jd027139

  24. Kuang, S., M. Newchurch, J. Burris, and X. Liu (2013), Ground-based lidar for atmospheric boundary layer ozone measurements, APPLIED OPTICS, Vol. 52, No. 15, doi:10.1364/AO.52.003557

  25. Kuang, S., M. J. Newchurch, J. Burris, L. Wang, K. Knupp, and G. Huang (2012), Stratosphere-to-troposphere transport revealed by ground-based lidar and ozonesonde at a midlatitude site, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D18305, doi:10.1029/2012JD017695

  26. Kuang, S., M. Newchurch, J. Burris, L. Wang, P. Buckley, S. Johnson, K. Knupp, G. Huang, D. Phillips, & W. Cantrell (2011), Nocturnal ozone enhancement in the lower troposphere observed by lidar, Atmospheric Environment 45 (2011) 6078-6084, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.07.038

  27. Kuang, S., J. Burris, M. Newchurch, S. Johnson, and S. Long (2011), Differential Absorption Lidar to Measure Subhourly Variation of Tropospheric Ozone Profiles IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 49, NO. 1, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2054834

  28. Kumar, R., P. Bhardwaj, G. Pfister, C. Drews, S. Honomichl and G. D'Attilo (2021), Description and Evaluation of the Fine Particulate Matter Forecasts in the NCAR Regional Air Quality Forecasting System, Atmosphere, 12.3, 302, doi:10.3390/atmos12030302

  29. Langford, A. O., et al. (2019), Intercomparison of lidar, aircraft, and surface ozone measurements in the San Joaquin Valley during the California Baseline Ozone Transport Study (CABOTS), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1889–1904, 2019,

  30. Langford, A. O., et al. (2018), Coordinated profiling of stratospheric intrusions and transported pollution by the Tropospheric Ozone Lidar Network (TOLNet) and NASA Alpha Jet experiment (AJAX): Observations and comparison to HYSPLIT, RAQMS, and FLEXPART, Atmospheric Environment, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.11.031

  31. Langford, A. O., et al. (2017), Entrainment of stratospheric air and Asian pollution by the convective boundary layer in the southwestern U.S, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(2), 1312-1337, doi:10.1002/2016jd025987

  32. Langford, A., C. Senff, R. Alvarez II, J. Brioude, O. Cooper, J. Holloway, M. Lin, R. Marchbanks, R. Pierce, S. Sandberg, A. Weickmann, & E. Williams (2015), An overview of the 2013 Las Vegas Ozone Study (LVOS): Impact of stratospheric intrusions and long-range transport on surface air quality, Atmospheric Environment Volume 109, May 2015, Pages 305-322, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.08.040

  33. Leblanc, T., Brewer, M. A., Wang, P. S., Granados-Munoz, M. J., Strawbridge, K. B., Travis, M., Firanski, B., Sullivan, J. T., McGee, T. J., Sumnicht, G. K., Twigg, L. W., Berkoff, T. A., Carrion, W., Gronoff, G., Aknan, A., Chen, G., Alvarez, R. J., Langford, A. O., Senff, C. J., Kirgis, G., Johnson, M. S., Kuang, S., and Newchurch, M. J. (2018), Validation of the TOLNet Lidars: The Southern California Ozone Observation Project (SCOOP), Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 2018, 1-45, doi:10.5194/amt-2018-240

  34. Leblanc, T., R. Sica, J. van Gijsel, S. Godin-Beekmann, A. Haefele, T. Trickl, G. Payen, and G. Liberti (2016), Proposed standardized definitions for vertical resolution and uncertainty in the NDACC lidar ozone and temperature algorithms - Part 2: Ozone DIAL uncertainty budget, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4051–4078, 2016, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4051-2016

  35. Leblanc, T., R. Sica, J. van Gijsel, S. Godin-Beekmann, A. Haefele, T. Trickl, G. Payen, and F. Gabarrot (2016), Proposed standardized definitions for vertical resolution and uncertainty in the NDACC lidar ozone and temperature algorithms - Part 1: Vertical resolution, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4029–4049, 2016, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4029-2016

  36. Leblanc, T., T. D. Walsh, I. S. McDermid, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Haines, W. G. Read, B. Herman, E. Fetzer, S. Sander, T. Pongetti, D. N. Whiteman, T. G. McGee, L. Twigg, G. Sumnicht, D. Venable, M. Calhoun, A. Dirisu, D. Hurst, A. Jordan, E. Hall, L. Miloshevich, H. Vomel, C. Straub, N. Kampfer, G. E. Nedoluha, R. M. Gomez, K. Holub, S. Gutman, J. Braun, T. Vanhove, G. Stiller, and A. Hauchecorne (2011), Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments (MOHAVE)-2009: overview of campaign operations and results, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 2579–2605, 2011, doi:10.5194/amt-4-2579-2011

  37. Lin, M., L. W. Horowitz, O. R. Cooper, D. Tarasick, S. Conley, L. T. Iraci, B. Johnson, T. Leblanc, I. Petropavlovskikh, and E. L. Yat (2015), Revisiting the evidence of increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL065311

  38. McDuffie, E. E., et al. (2016), Influence of oil and gas emissions on summertime ozone in the Colorado Northern Front Range, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(14), 8712-8729, doi:10.1002/2016JD025265

  39. McDermid, I. S., G. Beyerle, D. A. Haner, and T. Leblanc (2002), Redesign and improved performance of the tropospheric ozone lidar at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Table Mountain Facility, APPLIED OPTICS, Vol. 41, No. 36, 20 December 2002

  40. Newchurch, M.J., R.J. Alvarez, T.A. Berkoff, W. Carrion, R.J. DeYoung, R. Ganoe, G. Gronoff, G. Kirgis, S. Kuang, A.O. Langford, T. Leblanc, T.J. McGee, D. Pliutau, C. Senff, J.T. Sullivan, G. Sumnicht, L.W. Twigg, and L. Wang (2018), TOLNet ozone lidar intercomparison during the DISCOVER-AQ and FRAPP� campaigns, EPJ Web of Conferences, Vol. 176, 10007, doi:10.1051/epjconf/201817610007

  41. Parrington, M., D. B. A. Jones, K. W. Bowman, A. M. Thompson, D. W. Tarasick, J. Merrill, S. J. Oltmans, T. Leblanc, J. C. Witte, and D. B. Mille (2009), Impact of the assimilation of ozone from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer on surface ozone across North America, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 36, L04802, doi:10.1029/2008GL036935

  42. Pfister, G., et al. (2017), Using Observations and Source-Speci?c Model Tracers to Characterize Pollutant Transport During FRAPPÉ and DISCOVER-AQ, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 10,510-510,538, doi:10.1002/2017JD027257

  43. Reid, J. S., et al. (2017), Ground based high spectral resolution lidar observation of aerosol vertical distribution in the summertime Southeast United States, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, doi:10.1002/2016jd025798

  44. Strawbridge, K. B., M. S. Travis, B. J. Firanski, J. R. Brook, R. Staebler, and T. Leblanc (2018), A fully autonomous ozone, aerosol and night time water vapor LIDAR: a synergistic approach to profiling the atmosphere in the Canadian oil sands region, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 1-56, doi:10.5194/amt-2018-108

  45. Sullivan, J. T., S. D. Rabenhorst, J. Dreessen, T. J. McGee, R. Delgado, L. Twigg, and G. Sumnicht (2017), Lidar observations revealing transport of O3 in the presence of a nocturnal low-level jet: Regional implications for "next-day" pollution, Atmospheric Environment, 158, 160-171, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.03.039

  46. Sullivan, J. T., et al. (2016), Quantifying the contribution of thermally driven recirculation to a high-ozone event along the Colorado Front Range using lidar, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(17), 10,377-310,390, doi:10.1002/2016JD025229

  47. Sullivan, J., T. J. McGee, A. M. Thompson, R. Bradley Pierce, G. K. Sumnicht, L. W. Twigg, E. Eloranta, and R. M. Hoff (2015), Characterizing the lifetime and occurrence of stratospheric tropospheric exchange events in the rocky mountain region using high-resolution ozone measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, doi:10.1002/2015JD023877

  48. Sullivan, J., T. J. McGee, T. Leblanc, G. K. Sumnicht, and L. W. Twigg (2015), Optimization of the GSFC TROPOZ DIAL retrieval using synthetic lidar returns and ozonesondes - Part 1: Algorithm validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 4133–4143, 2015, doi:10.5194/amt-8-4133-2015

  49. Sullivan, J., T. J. McGee, R. DeYoung, W. Carrion (2015), Results from the NASA GSFC and LaRC Ozone Lidar Intercomparison: New Mobile Tools for Atmospheric Research, JTECH, Vol. 32, October 2015, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00193.1

  50. Sullivan, J., T. J. McGee, G. K. Sumnicht, L. W. Twigg, and R. M. Hoff (2014), A mobile differential absorption lidar to measure sub-hourly fluctuation of tropospheric ozone profiles in the Baltimore–Washington, D.C. region, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3529–3548, 2014, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3529-2014

  51. Travis, K. R., Jacob, Daniel J., Keller, Christoph A., Kuang, Shi, Lin, Jintai, Newchurch, Michael J., Thompson, Anne M. (2017), Resolving ozone vertical gradients in air quality models, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 1-18, doi:10.5194/acp-2017-596

  52. Wang, L., et al. (2017), Quantifying TOLNet ozone lidar accuracy during the 2014 DISCOVER-AQ and FRAPPÉ campaigns, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10(10), 3865-3876, doi:10.5194/amt-10-3865-2017

  53. Wang, L., M. B. Follette-Cook, M. Newchurch, K. E. Pickering, A. Pour-Biazar, S. Kuang, W. Koshak, & H. Peterson (2015), Tropospheric ozone lidar data evaluation of the lightning-induced ozone enhancement simulated by the WRF/Chem model, Atmospheric Environment 115 (215) 185-191, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.05.054

  54. Yates, E. L., et al. (2017), An Assessment of Ground Level and Free Tropospheric Ozone Over California and Nevada, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(18), 10,089-010,102, doi:10.1002/2016jd026266

  55. Zoogman, P., et al. (2017), Tropospheric emissions: Monitoring of pollution (TEMPO), J. Quant. Specrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 186, 17-39, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2016.05.008

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